WW1 German fuzes manufacture marks

Version française


image 1
Introduction

Army arsenals
Private industry


RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS MENU







Introduction : WW1 German fuzes manufacture markings

The large variety of German WW1 fuzes models, already increased by the use of different materials along the war years, is multiplied by the numerous manufacture marks.

These marks usually were stamped in the fuze metal body not far from the fuze type identification (including potential options), the manufacturing year and lot or serial number.

As an example, on the picture shown here, the complete marking is giving details on the fuze itself :

  • 'GR Z 14' is the fuze type 'Granate Zunder 14'
  • The star symbol indicates this fuze includes a superior quality detonator
  • '100' is most probably a manufacturing lot number
  • 'D and r' symbol is the mark of the manufacturing company or arsenal
  • '15' is the year or manufacturing (1915)

The manufacturing marks are historically interesting since they are an expression of the increasing enrollment of the German private industry along the war years to face the huge ammunitions needs, although pre-war ordnance production was made by army arsenals.


Return at the top of page




Army arsenals

Before 1914, most of the fuzes design and production was made by German Artillery main arsenals : Dantzig, Dresden, Ingolstadt, Lubenstadt, Strassburg, Siegburg and Spandau.


No picture available

Dn :

Dantzig army arsenal

(in former Great Prussia on the Baltic sea, now a Poland town named Gdansk)

Dr :

Dresden army arsenal

(Capital of the Saxony)

J :

Ingolstadt army arsenal

(in Bavaria on the Danube river, not far from Munich)

No picture available

L :

Lubenstadt army arsenal

(in former Great Prussia, now a center Poland town named Lubien Kujawski)

Sb :

Strassburg army arsenal

(Alsace, that was German since 1870, and now in France)

No picture available

Sg :

Siegburg army arsenal

(near Köln - Nordrhein-Westfalen)

Sp :

Spandau army arsenal

(Berlin surroundings)

Return at the top of page


Private industry

Since the first months of the war, the ammunitions stocks are lowering at full speed. The trenches war that begins in the winter of 1914 and will last for 4 years, and the successive large scale offensives will increase the appetite of the armies for ordnance. The private industry in then enrolled in the war material production, and will stay so until november 1918.

Some famous companies (some of them being still alive nowadays such as AEG or Siemens) are side by side with small mechanics manufactures and the gun makers Krupp, Ehrardt and Rheinmetall.

The manufacturers markings list presented hereunder is probably not complete, only contains pictures where I have observed the markings on fuzes by myself or whose pictures have been sent by sympathetic contributors, and numerous ones are still not identified. I will gladly receive any information allowing me to complete or correct this database.


d width="55%">

H.P.

AB :

August Bickel

(Picture and identification courtesy 'Maximus')

A.E.G. :

Allgemeine Electricitäts Gesellschaft

No picture available

A.T. :

Unidentified company

No picture available

A.W. :

Unidentified company

No picture available

B :

Bergmann Dynamos Berlin

Unidentified company

No picture available

Unidentified company

'C.H. & W.' :

Unidentified company

C.L. :

Ludwig Loewe & Co, Berlin

Ludwig Loewe & Co, Berlin (variant)

(picture courtesy 'air339')

'Lion'

Unidentified company

or Ludwig Loewe & Co, Berlin (since 'loewe' means 'lion' in german)

or (according to 'cmdr jf' hypothesis) MAN company, since their logo (on trucks) is still a lion nowadays

C.W.D. :

Unidentified company

(picture courtesy 'air339')

'DDr ?' :

Unidentified company

(or a variant of 'Dr', Dresden arsenal)

No picture available

Unidentified company

Dr C. :

Unidentified company

(or a variant of 'Dr', Dresden arsenal)

(Picture courtesy 'air339')

D.W.F. :

Unidentified company

(or Deutsche Waffen und Munitions Fabrik variant ?)

No picture available

D.W.M. :

Deutsche Waffen und Munitions Fabrik

E & Co :

Ehrardt & Co

E.u.Co :

Ehrardt & Co

Elster & Co :

Elster & Co

E & G :

Ehrardt & Co

No picture available

E.E.C. :

Unidentified company

E.S. :

Unidentified company

F.G. :

Unidentified company

(picture courtesy 'Regie')

F.M.A. :

Unidentified company

(Picture courtesy 'air339')

No picture available

F.u.H. :

Unidentified company

Gebrüder Bing, Nürnberg

G.C. :

Unidentified Company

G.G.W. :

Gelsenkirchner Gusstahl Werke

Krzysztof Stecki "grenadier"

No picture available

G.& P. :

Unidentified company

No picture available

Unidentified company

No picture available

H.M.A.G. :

Hannoversche Maschinenbau Aktiongesellschaft

H.P.

Unidentified company
(picture courtesy Tim Madou)

H. Voigt

H & W

Unidentified company

No picture available

I. :

Unidentified company

Junghans company (still actrive as a watches factory in Scharmberg, Germany)

Identification courtesy 'cmdr jf'

No picture available

Kp :

Krupp
(the #1 gunmaker of the german reich)

Kr :

Krupp (variant)

K & S :

Unidentified company

K S P :

Unidentified company

L.J.W. :

Unidentified company

(picture courtesy 'air339')

No picture available

M.A.N. :

Maschinen Fabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg Aktion Gesellschaft

No picture available

Maschinen Fabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg Aktion Gesellschaft (variante

No picture available

N. :

Unidentified company

N.S.U. :

Neckar Sulmer Gesellschaft

P. :

Polte (Magdeburg)

Pl. :

Société inconnue

(picture courtesy 'Regie')

No picture available

P.& S. :

Potz und Sandt (Mannheim)

No picture available

P.W. :

Unidentified company

R. :

Société inconnue

(picture courtesy 'Regie')

No picture available

R.F. :

Remscheid Fabrik

Unidentified company

Rheinische Metallwaren und Maschinen Fabrik

the famous RheinMetall company, main competitor of Krupp as a gunmaker. The 'square in a circle' logo was the symbol of a forging process that had been invented by this company.

Rh.M.F. :

Rheinische Metallwaren und Maschinen Fabrik (variant)

Rh.M.M. :

Rheinische Metallwaren und Maschinen Fabrik (variant)

R.M. :

Unidentified company

(or a Rheinische Metallwaren und Maschinen Fabrik variant ?)

R. Stock & Co :

R. Stock & Co m.b.H.

R.W.F. :

Unidentified company

S. & Co. :

Société inconnue
(variant of R. Stock & Co ?)

(picture courtesy 'Regie')

Siemens Halske

Siemens Martin

(Picture courtesy Christophe Pacherie)

Siemens Schuckert

Simson :

Simson m.b.H.

No picture available

S.E. :

Unidentified company

No picture available

S.N. :

Steffens Nölle, Essen

S.S.W.N. :

Unidentified company

S.U.D. :

Unidentified company

No picture available

S.W. :

Unidentified company

No picture available

S.W.K. :

Unidentified company

S.W.N. :

Unidentified company

Sun symbol :

Unidentified company

T.B.B. :

Unidentified company

(picture courtesy 'air339')

T.K.D. :

Unidentified company

No picture available

Unidentified company

T.T.G. :

Unidentified company

W.K. :

Unidentified company

W.P. :

Unidentified company

Unknown sign

Unidentified company

(picture courtesy Vladimir)

Return at the top of page