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Canon lourd de siège de 6 pouces 190 pouds 1877

Heavy artillery

Contributor :
Alain Bohée     
Bernard Berthion     
Christine Sibonni     
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Location :
Noirterre (79)
Monument aux Morts
Coordinates : Lat : 46.00250 / Long : -0.39080
General comments on this surviving gun :

Identical items in the same location : 1
Items covered by this file : 1

These two Russian guns have been made in Perm in the Oural, in 1893 for the left one (Nr 31), and 1892 for the right one (Nr 57)

They were captured by the Germans, who used them on the west front. Captured again by France in Champagne and exposed as a trophy in Châlons-sur-Marne camp before being given to Noirterre township

The shells are Austrian 280 mm coming from the Clermont Ferrand arsenal

Historic and technical information
Denomination :     6 pouces 190 pouds 1877 Origin :       ( Obuchov)          

Historic context :

The main Russian artillery manufacturers of the end of the XIXth century (Putilov and Obuchov) showed little interest in the technological innovations that were happening particularly in Germany and in France. As a consequence, the guns that were available for the army far from being state of art, until the headquarters finally decided at the beginning of the XXth century to turn to foreign companies (mainly Krupp and Schneider) in order to get more modern weapons.

Despite the incoming of these new guns and the technological improvement happening in Putilov with its alliance with the French Schneider for the design a of a brilliant and modern artillery system, the army had to call to the front at the war outbreak a lot of old obsolete guns particularly to improve the quantities of heavy artillery, just as most other fighting nations did at the same period.

This is how the old and obsolete '6 inches 190 pounds Model 1877 heavy siege gun' (190 puds being the barrel weight - 1 pud = 16.38 kg) was extracted from the fortresses where it had been stored to equip the Russian army in 1914, and was therefore one of the oldest weapons to participate to the conflict.

Designed in 1877 as the heaviest siege gun of the Russian arsenal, it was setup into position on a wooden platform. The recoil was absorbed by the means of wooden wedges placed behind the wheels, but the gun could also be equipped with a hydraulic brake linking the carriage and a fix point. A lot of these weapons were captured by the German troops in 1915/1916 and used by them on the West Front. Finland used some of them until 1939 !

Technical data :

  • Complete description : 6 inches 190 puds heavy siege gun M 1877
  • Design year : 1877
  • Calibre : 152.40 mm (6 in)
  • Weight in firing position : 4880 kg + plateform (1640 or 3470 kg)
  • Weight for transportation :
  • Tube length in calibres : 22.00
  • Grooves : 0 unknown
  • Projectile weight : 33 et 36 kg
  • Initial speed : 463 and 455 m/s
  • Fire rate :
  • Range : 7800 m
  • Elevation range : -16 to +38 degrees
  • Direction range : none