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Canon de 42 lignes le 1913 TR Schneider-Putilov

Light artillery

Contributor :
(Wikimedia commons) Balcer      http://commons.wikimedia.org/
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Location :
Finnish Artillery Museum
Coordinates : Lat : 61.00700 / Long : 24.45780
General comments on this surviving gun :

Identical items in the same location : 1
Items covered by this file : 1

This museum own both a 42 lines M 1910 fieldgun and its Fench descendant 105 mm Mle 1913, not easily distinguishable from the front

Rear view on the Schneider quick-manoeuvring breech

The breech markings show this Nr 8446 gun was manufactured by Putilov in St Petersbourg in 1916

Historic and technical information
Denomination :     107mm M 1910 Origin :       ( Schneider)             ( Putilov )             ( Obuchov )

Historic context :

The Schneider company located in Le Creusot, developped for Russia in 1910 a very modern long and quick firing 106.7 mm field gun (named 42 lines heavy fieldgun), manufactured both in Le Creusot and in the Putilov / Obuchov mills under license. This modern gun succesfully allied power, range and mobility. Its weight increase due to the longer and larger barrel was kept reasonable, allowing this gun to be towed in a single load by horses, despite the fact it also had a protecting shield for its crew. It included :

  • a long barrel of more than 22 calibres,

  • a very efficient quick manoeuvring Schneider breech (interrupted screw type with a flat shutter),

  • a recoil recuperating system composed of a hydraulic brake and a hydropneumatic recoil recuperator located side by side below the tube,

  • a long craddle overhanging long beneath the breech back, and in which the heavy mass composed of the tube, the breech and the recuperating system blocks were sliding back and forth under the recoil action,

  • a long polygonal carriage with two spades, with a hollow part in the center to allow high elevation angles.
The recoil recuperation mechanism was original since, contrarily to the usual practice, the pistons were static and attached to the carriage, while the cylinders and reservoirs were moving together with the barrel. Consequently, the moving mass was much heavier, slowing down the recoil speed and allowing an optimization of the recuperating system récupérateur. The craddle rear long excescent created the advantage of 'containing' the barrel recoil movement amplitude, thus avoiding the accidents linked to the high angle aiming (wher the breech could have hit the ground). It was also acting as a counterwight for the long tube.

This remarkable gun was adapted to the 105 mm caliber and then adopted in 1913 by the French Headquarters to form the 'canon de 105 L modèle 1913 Schneider' ('L' as Long) that was the first weapon that Schneider developped during WW1 and that became the backbone of the new weapons that progressively gave to France the quantity and technologic superiority in the artillery forces during the second half of the war.

Technical data :

  • Complete description : 42 lines Quick Firing heavy fieldgun M 1910 Schneider-Putilov
  • Design year : 1910
  • Calibre : 107.00 mm (4.2 inches - 42 lines)
  • Weight in firing position : 2172 kg
  • Weight for transportation :
  • Tube length in calibres : 0.00
  • Grooves : 0
  • Projectile weight :
  • Initial speed :
  • Fire rate :
  • Range : 12500 m
  • Elevation range : -5 to +37 degrees
  • Direction range : 6 degrees range